What is 6G Welding, and What is It Used For?

There are numerous kinds of welding techniques used today and one of the most complicated and challenging ones is 6G pipe welding. This welding technique typically involves joining cylindrical metal tubes utilizing a shielded metal arc welding technique or perhaps a gas shielded arc welder. There are several challenging processes to learn to turn into a professional welder and 6G welding is the most complex and hard to find out (keep in mind: you can surely find out more at this article about starting a welding career).

To become a professional and proficient welder, you need to are able to tackle different tasks and anticipate to become familiar with a variety of materials in several thicknesses. There are numerous challenges related to 6G pipe welding using the main ones concerning the positions you should be in for you to get the job done and also the skills you need to master the welding techniques needed that you should attain the best results. Fortunately, people who excel at 6G welding generally earn a lot more than welders that are proficient at simpler welding techniques. And that’s since the 6G welding approach is quite difficult to master.

What’s 6G Welding?

The “G” in 6G means the weld type, and that is a groove weld even though the “6” describes the positioning of the welded pipes. Groove welds are joints that join two metal tubes the location where the space involving the two is stuffed with welding material.

A standard welding process that’s used when welding pipes is open root welding. Using this technique, the welding joint doesn’t hire a tacked backing plate. This procedure can be a bit challenging to master ever since the weld is now being made across a gap. To prevent making mistakes and messing in the job, welders must employ the right welding techniques.

A very important factor that complicates pipe welding would be the fact getting around the pipe to access the gap will most likely imply that you block your view with one of both hands sooner or later. In addition to that, it’s a welding technique which will expect you to use both of your hands to complete the job. As a result, it’s vital that you take time to discover which of your respective sides may be the good side and which is the bad one in terms of pipe welding – and that’s correlated to whether you’re left-handed or right-handed.

Focusing on the left-hand side from the tube is going to be challenging for right-handed people, and vice-versa. Identifying this obstacle early will help you to learn ways to overcome it to actually don’t ruin your welds.

Dealing with Pipe Welding Positions

Becoming skilled at making use of the right positions will ensure that you always receive the best results when pipe welding. The program of letters and numbers you see on pipes is a kind of code that indicates the kind of joint and position you must use.

There are four welding positions which are 1G, 2G, 5G, and 6G.

The 1G position is actually a flat welding position that’s not used frequently. Though it’s still vital that you learn it as a welder. 1G welding is largely flat-welding ever since the tube is lying in the curved edge (on its side) and can be rotated during welding.

The 2G position, however, is fixed – the pipe being welded can’t be turned. However, because it is added to its base, welding the pipe becomes simpler as it is stabler and sturdier.

Similar to the 1G position, 5G position means the pipe is horizontal but can’t be moved as it’s fixed into position. In this instance, you’ll ought to weld the pope in various positions, including overhead. Other positions used in combination with this position include vertical down and vertical up.

Probably the most challenging welding position may be the 6G welding position. That’s since the pipe being welded are at a 45-degree angle. 6G welding will expect you to pay very close focus to both your bad and good side since welding without blocking your view with one of both hands is virtually impossible.

If you begin to see the letter “R” in welding codes, because of this the welding position is actually a restricted one – and that’s either visually or physically.

The 6G Welding Position

One of the things that complicate 6G welding would be the fact ever since the welds are vertical, molten filling metal has a tendency to flow downward into the joint cavity during welding. To prevent this, you need to practice a lot. Also, considering both pipes are horizontal to one another with one tube positioned at a 45O angle towards the other, choosing the right position as being a welder can be challenging. Using this welding technique, you will discover yourself having to use different body positions along with other skills to perform your ultimate goal.

6G Welds: What are They User For?

Groove welds are employed on all sorts of joints except lap joints (i.e., joints constructed from overlapping tubes.) While it’s rare for certified welders to encounter pipes which require a 6G weld throughout their career, the welding position is often used as being a pre-employment test.

The 6G Welding Test

Also referred to as the Arkansas Bellhole Tests, the 6G welding test is utilized to weigh the relevant skills of any welder. The test is fairly stringent ever since the welder must use various welding techniques (horizontal, vertical, and flat welding) to attain a 6G weld. These welds are often produced by welders in trades such as steel working, which require skilled welding abilities. As soon as a welder can certainly make good 6G welds, they can be tested onto it and have certified after they pass the exam.

6G Welding Certification

Those looking to become certified pipe welders ought to move through a, somewhat, demanding process as they must prove they are not just good with welding machines but that they could also produce quality penetration and can be employed in restricted spaces with restricted views. In addition to that, a prospective welder need to pass a test regarding their all-position welding technique.

You will learn more concerning the 6G welding accreditation on this website: https://gowelding.org/welding-certification/smaw-6g-pipe/

To obtain a 6G certification, you will need to attend an excellent welding school, which can be costly and time-consuming. However, in the long run, you’ll have gained extra skills that increase your career as being a welder.

6G pipe welding is among the toughest weld certifications tests a welder can pass since the pipe is immovable as well as at a 45-degree angle. To be 6G certified, you need to prove that you could weld pipes in most positions – overhead, horizontal, and vertical – and that you are proficient at welding with both of your hands.

Certification Sources

In The United States, 6G certification is available through the American Welding Society together with numerous other organizations that offer certification tests. The American Welding Society lists over 80 accredited weld testing institutions where applicants can take 6G certification tests. The Society’s certification application incorporates a weld testing section that has got to be completed by one among its Accredited Testing Facilities.

Some 6G pipe welder certification providers in the us provide training to assist welders pass their certification test. As an illustration, AVTEC offers certification once a welder has completed its 75 times of training and 450 hours welding degree program. Industrial Training Solutions, however, sponsors a 6G welder certification which involves 120-hours of hands-on welding instructions in preparation for your welding certification exam.

Costs and Requirements

Each welder’s certification program requires its applicants to satisfy specific requirements. As an illustration, some facilities, like Industrial Training Solutions, requires their applicants to have some years of welding experience (two years in cases like this) before they may enter in the program. Others requires which you hold, at the minimum, a 3G welding certification.

It’s worth noting that the price of acquiring 6G pipe welding certification varies according to the institution offering the certification. The AWS charges about $35 for every single certification, while the price of tests are catered for by applicants. Most programs cost around $4,000 to $5,000 – and that includes testing and training.

Just How Much Do 6G Welders Make?

The normal hourly rate for 6G welders in the United States is $24.91/hour though this might arrive at as high as $40/hour or as little as $17/hour, for the way experienced and skilled a welder is and also the state they reside. A highly skilled 6G welder can earn up to $98k/year (this includes commissions, bonuses, and profit-sharing) if they are proficient at what they do and work with a major company.


Mastering the skill of pipe welding can take your work to great heights. However, it means learning some of the most complicated and challenging welding skills and methods in the welding industry. However, if you devote the time and effort and pass the certifications, you will possess gained a very-prized skillset that is certainly sought after by a few of the top employers in the metalworks industry. While 6G welding doesn’t require any special or extra equipment, it’s a welding procedure that is just not for your half-hearted. If you are looking at learning to be a professional and reputable 6G welder, find the best welding school, put in the effort, and acquire a 6G welding certification. Although it might be the greatest challenge you might have ever faced, learning how to professionally 6G pipe weld boosts your odds of learning to be a much sought-after professional welder.

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